Rapid Synaptogenesis in the Nucleus Accumbens Is Induced by a Single Cocaine Administration and Stabilized by Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Interacting Kinase-1 Activity

TitleRapid Synaptogenesis in the Nucleus Accumbens Is Induced by a Single Cocaine Administration and Stabilized by Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Interacting Kinase-1 Activity
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsSantos, M. Dos, M. Salery, B. Forget, M. Alexandra Perez, S. Betuing, T. Boudier, P. Vanhoutte, J. Caboche, and N. Heck
JournalBiological Psychiatry
ISSN0006-3223
KeywordsSynaptogenesis
Abstract

Repeated cocaine exposure produces new spine formation in striatal projection neurons (SPNs) of the nucleus accumbens. However, an acute exposure to cocaine can trigger long-lasting synaptic plasticity in SPNs leading to behavioral alterations. This raises the intriguing question as to whether a single administration of cocaine could enduringly modify striatal connectivity. A three-dimensional morphometric analysis of presynaptic glutamatergic boutons and dendritic spines was performed on SPNs 1 hour and 1 week after a single cocaine administration. Time-lapse two-photon microscopy in adult slices was used to determine the precise molecular-events sequence responsible for the rapid spine formation. A single injection triggered a rapid synaptogenesis and persistent increase in glutamatergic connectivity in SPNs from the shell part of the nucleus accumbens, specifically. Synapse formation occurred through clustered growth of active spines contacting pre-existing axonal boutons. Spine growth required extracellular signal-regulated kinase activation, while spine stabilization involved transcription-independent protein synthesis driven by mitogen-activated protein kinase interacting kinase-1, downstream from extracellular signal-regulated kinase. The maintenance of new spines driven by mitogen-activated protein kinase interacting kinase-1 was essential for long-term connectivity changes induced by cocaine in vivo. Our study originally demonstrates that a single administration of cocaine is able to induce stable synaptic rewiring in the nucleus accumbens, which will likely influence responses to subsequent drug exposure. It also unravels a new functional role for cocaine-induced extracellular signal-regulated kinase pathway independently of nuclear targets. Finally, it reveals that mitogen-activated protein kinase interacting kinase-1 has a pivotal role in cocaine-induced connectivity.

URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006322317314038
DOI10.1016/j.biopsych.2017.03.014

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