Sensor Data Quality Processing for Vital Signs with Opportunistic Ambient Sensing

TitleSensor Data Quality Processing for Vital Signs with Opportunistic Ambient Sensing
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsSadek, I., J. Biswas, Z. Yongwei, Z. Haihong, J. Maniyeri, C. Zhihao, T. Ju Teng, N. Soon Huat, and M. Mokhtari
Conference NameThe 38th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology
Date Published08/2016
Conference LocationOrlando, Florida USA
KeywordsGeneral and Theoretical Informatics - Data quality control; Sensor Informatics - Physiological monitoring; General and Theoretical Informatics - Machine learning

Opportunistic ambient sensing involves placement of sensors appropriately so that intermittent contact can be made unobtrusively for gathering physiological signals for vital signs. In this paper, we discuss the results of our quality processing system used to extract heart rate from ballistocardiogram signals obtained from a micro-bending fiber optic sensor pressure mat. Visual inspection is used to label data into informative and non-informative classes based on their heart rate information. Five classifiers are employed for the classification process, i.e., random forest, support vector machine, multilayer, feedforward neural network, linear discriminant analysis, and decision tree. To compute the overall effectiveness of quality processing, the informative signals are processed to estimate interbeat intervals. The system was used to process, data collected from 50 human subjects sitting in a massage chair while performing different activities. Opportunistically collected data was obtained from the fiber optic sensor mat placed on the headrest of the massage chair. Using our classification approach, 57.37% of the dataset was able to provide informative signals. On the informative signals, random forest classifier achieves the best classification accuracy with a mean accuracy of 98.99%. The average of the mean absolute error between the estimated heart rate and the reference ECG is reduced from 13.2 to 8.47. Therefore, the proposed system shows a good robustness for opportunistic ambient sensing.